CSCS Revision for Accidents And Emergencies
There are several types of emergencies that can occur on a construction site. These will typically be serious injuries, spills of hazardous substances, fire and excavations collapses which can leave people trapped.
Site Inductions are important
Site induction should inform you how to raise an alarm in any of these situations and also how to recognise the alarm.
You should be made aware of the safe methods of evacuation and the escape routes, including where to assemble. This information should also be displayed at various locations on notice boards. You need to make sure that you are aware of these escape routes and evacuation procedure at all times and make sure you keep up with the latest changes.
You should make sure that you are fully aware of any procedures contained in your method statement and the requirements and locations of any equipment that might be required. You are responsible for knowing where to get first aid and what your emergency assembly point is. You need to know where the first aid kit can be reached and who the first aid is and how to recognise them.
Your employers should inform you of all emergency procedures and first aid information at your site induction and have contact, telephone numbers and emergency information displayed around the site. They are responsible for providing first aiders and emergency/rescue equipment and for making sure that these and any escape routes are constantly maintained and updated.
Employers have to provide trained people to give first aid in the event of an accident. First aid might be an appointed person has been trained in basic techniques for life-saving, or they may be a first aider has been trained in life-saving techniques and in administering first aid at the place of work.
The aim of first aid is to preserve life and prevent the accident victim from becoming worse. The first aider will also make sure the emergency services are called if necessary.
Employers also have a duty to provide any equipment for first aid, especially for any paticular hazards that may be encountered, including eye washes and burns kits. Allowances also must be made for cases when someone is working on their own for a first aid is not available, stop.
What to do if an accident takes place
When an accident happens, speed is of the utmost importance. The most important thing is to get help for anyone that has been injured as soon as possible. This could be a first aider or it might be the emergency services.
If you are the first person to arrive at the accident scene, you must make sure that you do not put yourself in any danger and must also raise the alarm and call for help. If you need to leave to call any of the emergency services, you should afterwards return and remain with the accident victim until someone comes to help.
When you first arrive on the scene do your best to assess the situation. If you can, and it is safe, try to isolate the hazard, for example, switch off gas or electricity. If the injured person is able to tell you, find out details what the current problem is.
Try to remember as much as you can for the accident report.